Oral EVNol supplementation — a full-spectrum tocotrienol/tocopherol complex derived from red palm fruit — may help preserve retinal health, as demonstrated in an in vivo study published in the journal Biomolecules. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of several diabetes-related complications and now is the leading cause of new-onset blindness among individuals aged 20 to 64 years old.
In the study, the Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were divided into two treatment groups based on administration route: oral treatment group and topical treatment group. EVNol was given orally to rats in a dose of 100 mg/kg body weight in the oral treatment group (DTO). For topical application, 0.03% microemulsion formulation of EVNol was used in the topical treatment group (DTE).
Indicators of retinal degeneration in DR include reduction of retinal layer thickness and retinal cell count and also an increase in retinal cell apoptosis (Figure 1). After 12 weeks of treatment, morphological and biochemical analyses on the rats’ eyeballs were conducted. The thickness of all retinal layers was significantly lesser in diabetic rats compared to normal control rats, indicating the degeneration of retinal had occurred. However, in the oral EVNol-treated group, the thickness of the retinal was significantly greater compared with the corresponding diabetic control groups of oral.
In term of retinal cell count and retinal cell apoptosis, a significantly lesser number of apoptotic cells was observed in the ganglion cell layer of the oral EVNol-treated group compared to the corresponding diabetic control group of oral. A significantly greater retinal cell counts were also observed in the oral EVNol-treated group. These three measurements demonstrated the efficacy of orally administered EVNol in potentially protecting retinal against neurodegenerative changes caused by diabetic retinopathy (Figure 2).
This study also measured the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). An important pathological feature of DR is angiogenesis. Increased expression of VEGF, an angiogenic protein, is associated with diabetes-induced oxidative stress and neurodegeneration. Significantly lower retinal VEGF expression was observed in diabetic rats treated with EVNol orally administered, as compared to the diabetic rats without treatment.
The topical treatment of EVNol, however, did not show as much efficacy as the oral treatment. It was deduced in the experiment that orally administered tocotrienol is able to efficiently penetrate the blood-retinal barrier (just like how it crosses the blood-brain barrier) and exert its retinal effect. The researchers further explained that the relative lack of effect of the topically treated group might be attributed to its poor penetration through multiple anatomical and physiological barriers to reach the retina. Further study is needed to investigate other protective mechanisms of EVNol on diabetic retinopathy and an improved formulation for topical TRF is warranted.
ExcelVite Business Development Manager Bryan See said, “It is vital to search for the right remedy to help delay diabetic complications, such as diabetic retinopathy. This is the first study to demonstrate the effect of EVNol against STZ-induced diabetic retinopathy in rats. I’m pleased to read that the effect is primarily prominent and significant with oral ingestion of EVNol.
“This result ties with the previous two human studies conducted on EVNol SupraBio for diabetic nephropathy, another type of diabetic complications. With more scientific evidence from researchers worldwide, EVNol and EVNol SupraBio could be the adjuvant therapy for diabetic complications.”
Mr. WH Leong is the CEO of ExcelVite, the largest and only GMP-certified producer of tocotrienol and mixed-carotene complex. Excelvite supplies these phytonutrients to dietary supplements, functional food/drinks and cosmetic companies worldwide.